- [S7] 1920 United States Federal Census, Year: 1920; Census Place: Shady Spring, Raleigh, West Virginia; Roll: T625_1970; Page: 3A; .
- [S13] 1930 United States Federal Census, Year: 1930; Census Place: Shady Spring, Raleigh, West Virginia; Roll: 2553; Page: 4A; Enume.
- [S9] Family Trees and LDS, This information is obtained from Public and Private Family Trees and Data Collections including but not limited to: LDS, Ancestry, WFT, MyFamily etc., (Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual private or public files. This infomation is not a "Primary Source".), Ancestry Family Tree.