- [S67] West Virginia, Marriages Index, 1785-1971.
- [S12] 1850 United States Federal Census, Year: 1850; Census Place: Eastern District, Marion, Virginia; Roll: M432_958; Page: 138B; I.
- [S9] Family Trees and LDS, This information is obtained from Public and Private Family Trees and Data Collections including but not limited to: LDS, Ancestry, WFT, MyFamily etc., (Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual private or public files. This infomation is not a "Primary Source".), Ancestry Family Tree.