|Name||John Calvin Coolidge|
|Born||4 Jul 1872||Plymouth, Windsor, Vermont |
|Occupation||Aug 1923 - 1929||The White House, Washington, District of Columbia|
|President of the United States|
(Indicates this person was a President of the United States)
|Residence||Aug 1923 - 1929||The White House, Washington, District of Columbia|
|The White House
The White House, Washington D.C.
On Saturday, November 1, 1800, John Adams became the first president to take residence in the building. During Adams' second day in the house, he wrote a letter to his wife Abigail, containing a prayer for the house. Adams wrote:
I pray Heaven to bestow the best of blessings on this House, and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof.
|Died||5 Jan 1933||Northhampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts |
|Person ID||I126066||MRP Tree|
|Last Modified||30 Sep 2014|
|Father||John Calvin Coolidge, b. 30 Nov 1845, Plymouth, Windsor, Vermont , d. 18 Mar 1926, Plymouth, Windsor, Vermont (Age 80 years)|
|Mother||Victoria Josephine Moor, b. 14 Mar 1845, Plymouth, Windsor, Vermont , d. 14 Mar 1885, Plymouth, Windsor, Vermont (Age 40 years)|
|Married||6 May 1868||Plymouth, Windsor, Vermont|
|Family ID||F35325||Group Sheet | Family Chart|
|Family||Grace Anna Goodhue, b. 3 Jan 1879, Burlington, Chittenden, Vermont , d. 8 Jul 1957, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts (Age 78 years)|
|Married||4 Oct 1905||Burlington, Chittenden, Vermont|
|Family ID||F35967||Group Sheet | Family Chart|
|Pin Legend||: Address : Location : City/Town : County/Shire : State/Province : Country : Not Set|
|Photos||President Calvin Coolidge|
At 2:30 on the morning of August 3, 1923, while visiting in Vermont, Calvin Coolidge received word that he was President. By the light of a kerosene lamp, his father, who was a notary public, administered the oath of office as Coolidge placed his hand on the family Bible.
Coolidge was "distinguished for character more than for heroic achievement," wrote a Democratic admirer, Alfred E. Smith. "His great task was to restore the dignity and prestige of the Presidency when it had reached the lowest ebb in our history ... in a time of extravagance and waste...."
Born in Plymouth, Vermont, on July 4, 1872, Coolidge was the son of a village storekeeper. He was graduated from Amherst College with honors, and entered law and politics in Northampton, Massachusetts. Slowly, methodically, he went up the political ladder from councilman in Northampton to Governor of Massachusetts, as a Republican. En route he became thoroughly conservative.
As President, Coolidge demonstrated his determination to preserve the old moral and economic precepts amid the material prosperity which many Americans were enjoying. He refused to use Federal economic power to check the growing boom or to ameliorate the depressed condition of agriculture and certain industries. His first message to Congress in December 1923 called for isolation in foreign policy, and for tax cuts, economy, and limited aid to farmers.
He rapidly became popular. In 1924, as the beneficiary of what was becoming known as "Coolidge prosperity," he polled more than 54 percent of the popular vote.
In his Inaugural he asserted that the country had achieved "a state of contentment seldom before seen," and pledged himself to maintain the status quo. In subsequent years he twice vetoed farm relief bills, and killed a plan to produce cheap Federal electric power on the Tennessee River.
The political genius of President Coolidge, Walter Lippmann pointed out in 1926, was his talent for effectively doing nothing: "This active inactivity suits the mood and certain of the needs of the country admirably. It suits all the business interests which want to be let alone.... And it suits all those who have become convinced that government in this country has become dangerously complicated and top-heavy...."
Coolidge was both the most negative and remote of Presidents, and the most accessible. He once explained to Bernard Baruch why he often sat silently through interviews: "Well, Baruch, many times I say only 'yes' or 'no' to people. Even that is too much. It winds them up for twenty minutes more."
But no President was kinder in permitting himself to be photographed in Indian war bonnets or cowboy dress, and in greeting a variety of delegations to the White House.
Both his dry Yankee wit and his frugality with words became legendary. His wife, Grace Goodhue Coolidge, recounted that a young woman sitting next to Coolidge at a dinner party confided to him she had bet she could get at least three words of conversation from him. Without looking at her he quietly retorted, "You lose." And in 1928, while vacationing in the Black Hills of South Dakota, he issued the most famous of his laconic statements, "I do not choose to run for President in 1928."
By the time the disaster of the Great Depression hit the country, Coolidge was in retirement. Before his death in January 1933, he confided to an old friend, ". . . I feel I no longer fit in with these times."
The Presidential biographies on WhiteHouse.gov are from “The Presidents of the United States of America,” by Frank Freidel and Hugh Sidey. Copyright 2006 by the White House Historical Association.